There are varied differences that arise between males and females. Both sexes operate differently. The sexes are configured differently biologically thus will respond differently to various environmental factors. These gender differences are more characteristic in both nutrition and health issues. The different sexes will respond differently to intermittent fasting.
Controlled fasting in females greatly improves the high density lipids and stabilizes the triglycerides levels. In obese women, there is a decreased level of body fat, blood pressure, body weight as well as total cholesterol. However, insulin sensitivity will often remain the same or worse; glucose tolerance in fasting women often worsens. This makes controlled fasting to be less effective in controlling type 2 diabetes in women. Glucose tolerance is a major diabetes risk factor.
Restricted fasting is highly discouraged in expectant women though it is a personal choice. There are various health risks associated with maternal fasting. Congenital malformation has been identified by observation of malformed vertebrae, vertebral deformity, and costal deformity. This usually occurs in a very short spun of time. Cleft plate syndrome: a situation whereby the plates of the lips fail to join completely may occur. Internal deformity to the fetus often observed include malformed urinary tracts, as well malformed umbilical artery. The fetus weight may be low at birth posing serious risks at birth. Medical studies have shown that babies born of women who practiced restricted fasting are smaller at birth and are vulnerable to suffer learning disabilities into adulthood. Additionally, a disruption of calcium homeostasis during pregnancy through fasting is a risk factor for the development of osteoporosis later in an individual's life.
It is advisable for expectant women to consult with their health provider before making a decision to fast. This is usually during the first trimester. The doctor will assess the medical history of the expectant woman to check for any complications such as anemia, gestational diabetes or multiple pregnancies. Expectant women should check with their doctor immediately they experience fatigue, fainting, headaches, severe nausea, palpitations, abdominal cramps or spells of dizziness.
Fertile women who are in their child bearing age are most affected by periodic fasting. They experience reduced rates of fertility and unregulated menstrual cycles. These make them less productive. Pre and Post menopausal women (women who are past menopause) draw huge benefits from periodic fasting. Some studies link sleepiness noticed in some women to regulated fasting. This is due to the fact that nutritional restriction correlates to wakefulness and adrenal gland sizes and distress.
There is evidence of increased stress, low energy levels, and varying levels hormones in the female body. This is attributed to lower levels of calories. Additionally, women experience exhaustion, hormonal problems as well as adrenal fatigue.
In general, restricted fasting will significantly lower the blood pressure in women. It is suitable for women who want to lose weight or slim down and maintain a great figure. However, it is less favorable psychologically for women to go on restricted feeding especially those who have tried dieting earlier.